Paul Emmert (or Emert) Biography

Born near Berne, Switzerland in 1826.  By 1845 Emmert was an established artist in New York.  He joined the Gold Rush to California in 1849.  The following year he exhibited in Brooklyn a panorama of the gold mining activities before making his second trip to California late in 1850.  While in California, he operated the Bear Hotel in Sacramento and exhibited the panorama in San Francisco and other communities.  In 1853 he moved to Hawaii where he remained except for visits to California in 1854 and 1858.  His six large lithographs of Honolulu in 1854 are for what he is best known; however,
he also produced detailed India ink landscapes of the Kona coast where he lived for several years.  Emmert died in Honolulu on March 13, 1867.  In:  Bancroft Library (UC Berkeley).  
Edan Hughes, "Artists in California, 1786-1940"

The Hawaiian Flag on Honolulu Fort, 1853:  King Ka-mehameha I began to fly the Hawaiian flag at the time of the war of 1812 between Great Britain and the US.  The flag ndicated Hawaii's friendship with both warring nations.  The United States was recognized by the eight white, red and Blue stripse in the field, representing the old American Grand Union Flag, and also the eight islands of the Hawaiian group.  Great Britain was recognized by the Red Cross of St. George and the White Cross of St. Andrew joined on a bnlue union - The Union Jack.  (Walter Judd, Hawaii Joins the World, 1998)  

This painting has been examined by Barbara Dunn of the Honolulu Historical Society and by David Forbes.  Further information on provenance available on request.  To date, only seven paintings by Emmert have been documented.